Thursday, December 5, 2019

Rice Exporters To Counter Trade Barriers & Currency Fluctuation

Question: Discuss about the Practices Of Rice Exporters To Counter Trade Barriers And Currency Fluctuation. Answer: I have prepared this reflective writing on the topic To Study the Practices of Rice Exporters to Counter Trade Barriers and Currency Fluctuation in which discussion will be made regarding the previous two assignments and knowledge which I have gained while conducting the assignment 1 and assignment 2. I have learned how to execute a research project and the manner in which information is collected by applying different methods or approaches. In this research program, I have discussed various issues or problems which are acting as a barrier and affecting the exporters engaged in the export of rice. Rice is being exported to the different parts of the rice-producing countries of the world. Different barriers which I have identified while conducting this research program are customs clearance, product inspection, timely payments, currency fluctuations, government regulations, LC openings and many others. I have collected information from different sources and from the information collec ted; I have seen that different measures or practices are being used by the exporters of rice (Shama, 2011). The objective which I have set while conducting this research program is to identify the trade barriers, restrictions and currency fluctuations faced by rice exported. Rice is an important part of the agriculture of the world which is being consumed by a large number of people. I have covered different aspects related to the rice exporters and the various problems which they are facing while exporting their production to other countries. One of the leading exporters of rice is Asian countries which are also considered as a home for the exporters of rice all around the globe (Lakkakula, et. al., 2015). I have seen that there has been a rise in the prices of rice due to the decrease in the export of rice. Export of rice has affected the large population of different countries like India where rice is being consumed by a large number of people on daily basis as a means of food security. I have analyzed data related to the crisis related to the pricing and availability of the rice in the rice market at the global level (Ha, et. al., 2015). I have gathered this data by initiating the process of data collection with the help of different methods or approaches. I have analyzed that restrictions are placed on the export of the rice and taxes are imposed on the agricultural as well as non-agricultural products. Restrictions on the export activities of the rice have resulted in an increase in the prices of rice. Many countries are supporting domestic price which is driving the self-sufficiency. Previously during 1950-1955, the government was maintaining a monopoly on the export of rice and numerous interchange rate systems (Lembergman, et. al., 2015). For the purpose of ensuring the food security at domestic level, restrictions were imposed on the export of the rice as there was a rise in the price of rice in different countries. I have discussed the export restrictions in two different ways. In the previous one, export restriction acted as a problem which increases taxes, quotas, and taxes. In the later one, the discussion has been made regarding the treatment of the export restriction affecting the export activities of the different countries (Mitra Josling, 2009). This learning which I have developed while conducting this research has contributed towards my knowledge regarding the research topic. This learning experience has enhanced my knowledge and developed my skills for executing the research program. A research program is conducted with the application of different methods or approaches and I have developed knowledge of the different methods or approaches. This learning process has enhanced my knowledge regarding the data collection process and the role of different activities while conducting the research program (Barney Mackinlay, 2010). I have gathered data related to the research program for enhancing the knowledge as well as conducting and completing the research in a successful manner. I have gained a valuable experience which will help me in the future for ensuring that the roles and responsibilities are being performed in a proper manner. I have prepared an action plan which has ensured that different activities are conducted in a sequence. This learning process has enhanced my knowledge and experience which I will apply while conducting other research works (Johnston, 2014). The learning process is a crucial aspect of every individuals life as learning process enhances the knowledge of the individual. I have conducted this research with proper planning and by ensuring that the efforts are going in the right direction. Execution process of the research has ensured that I have completed this research within the timeframe decided. I have overcome various limitations which would have affected the quality of the research and execution process of the program in a successful manner. This course has formed a base for the future projects which I will execute or undertake for conducting the program in a successful manner. I have developed my knowledge regarding the various aspects related to the research program (Coleman Willis, 2015). Knowledge of the environment is crucial as this knowledge will be applied for performing the future roles in a better way. Knowledge gained from any activity is very useful as this knowledge can be used while performing the role. Export, import, trade barriers and currency fluctuations are common topics of the business environment and knowledge of these common topics of the business environment enhances the quality of the actions performed. I will be able to cope with the changing situations faced in professional or personal life. I will apply this knowledge gained for performing the professional roles assigned in an effective and efficient manner (Powers, et. al., 2016). During the execution process of the research, I have come across various aspects while conducting the research. During the research execution process, I have executed the research program in a sequential manner by collecting knowledge or information related to the research topic. I have initiated the research program by analyzing the manner in which I will execute the research (Chang Lin, 2014). During the execution of the research program, my focus was on the collection of the quality data so as to ensure that the data presented in the research is reliable and authentic. I have applied different approaches for ensuring that the research is conducted effectively and completing the research my maintaining the reliability of the research (O'Gara, 2014). I have conducted the research by dividing the research program into different parts. I have initiated the data collection process by applying effective approach for data collection process. This data collection process has resulted in developing a base for the research properly and ensuring that the objectives and research questions of the research are answered in a justified manner (Nirmala, 2013). This research program has proved very useful for the research learning process by contributing towards my knowledge and enhancing the skills. Knowledge and skills possessed by me have enhanced with the execution of the research program effectively. Business research has encouraged me and motivated me to conduct the research properly in future for the attainment of the objectives hidden behind the execution of the research program. The learning process has shaped my knowledge and encouraged me for performing future research projects as per the specifications provided. I have conducted different activities in the assignment one and assignment two for ensuring that the objectives are attained. I have conducted assignment one for presenting data related to the research topic and developing knowledge related to the research topic. I have formed research objectives on the basis of which parameters of the research have been defined. I have presented the data in assignment one which I have gathered with the use of various methods or approaches. In the assignment 2, I have discussed different approaches or methods which I have used for executing the research and collecting quality data for the research. I have selected the most suitable approaches which I have applied in this course for attaining the aim I have set. I will apply the knowledge of the research topic gained in this program in the real-life experience of dealing with the real-life situations or issues. Theoretical knowledge is crucial which forms the basis for the practical knowledge. Theoretical knowledge will be applied for conducting the research in a successful manner and it will help me in making better decisions in the future in the professional life. The knowledge of the different aspects of the research topic which I have developed in this program has motivated me to implement the same in future. Thus, at the end of the reflection, it can be concluded from the above discussion that this research program has helped me in discussing various aspects related to the research in an effective manner. This research has provided me an opportunity to enhance my knowledge and encourage me to develop my knowledge. I have presented the data properly for maintaining the authenticity of the research. I have collected with the use of different methods by analyzing the different approaches available. This business research has contributed towards the development of my knowledge and skills which I will apply in future for carrying out the future research programs. References Barney, K. Mackinlay, E., 2010, Creating Rainbows from Words and Transforming Understandings: Enhancing Student Learning through Reflective Writing in an Aboriginal Music Course.,Teaching in Higher Education, 15(2), pp.161173. Chang Lin, 2014, The effect of reflective learning e-journals on reading comprehension and communication in language learning,Computers Education, 71, pp.124132. Coleman Willis, 2015, Reflective writing: The student nurse's perspective on reflective writing and poetry writing,Nurse Education Today, 35(7), pp.906911. Ha, Nguyen, Kompas, Che and Trinh, 2015, Rice Production, Trade and the Poor: Regional Effects of Rice Export Policy on Households in Vietnam, Journal of Agricultural Economics, 66: 280307. Johnston, M. P., 2014, Secondary Data Analysis: A Method of which the Time Has Come, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, pp. 619 626. Lakkakula, P., Dixon, B. L., Thomsen, M. R., Wailes, E. J. andDanforth, D. M., 2015, Global Rice trade competitiveness: ashift-share analysis, Agricultural Economics, 46: 667676. Lembergman, E. G., Rossi, M., Stucchi, R., 2015, Worldmarket integration of Vietnamese rice markets during the 2008 foodprice crisis, Food security, 7(1), 143-157. Mitra, S., Josling, T., 2009, Agricultural export restrictions: Welfare implications and trade Disciplines, International Food Agricultural Trade Policy Council (IPC). Nirmala, Y., 2013, Chapter four: research design, Language in India, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 102. O'Gara, S., 2014, Writing a CPD article: a CPD article enhanced Shaun O'Gara's understanding of the process of writing a reflective account,Nursing Standard, 29(9), pp.6161. Powers, E., Vance, M. Fleming, L., 2016, Teaching Reflective Writing Through Learning Communities: An Opportunity to Meet Student Needs and Improve Student-Faculty Relationships, Medical Science Educator, 26(1), pp.129133. Shama, R., 2011, Food export restrictions: review of the 2007-2010experience and Considerations for disciplining restrictive measures, Rome: FAO.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Complex Learning Task Essays - Educational Psychology,

Complex Learning Task: The Holistic Approaches The Whole-Task Approach Our textbook, Trends and issues in instructional design and technology (Reiser How does this differ from other design methods? Many instructional design approaches are atomistic, where ?. . . complex contents and tasks are reduced into simpler elements? (p 73). This approach does not naturally lead to transfer of the skill set to the real world. A holistic approach, which takes a whole-task approach to a problem, allows and encourages students to ?. . . learn and transfer professional competences or complex cognitive skills to an increasingly varied set of real-world contexts and settings? (p 73). Scaffolding Learning tasks that connect to a complex task is scaffolding. Without going back to an atomistic approach, students learn tasks, known as constituent skills, over several lessons. All of these constituent skills ?need to be coordinated and controlled by higher-level strategies from the beginning of the training program? (p 76). By creating learning opportunities for each constituent skill, the teacher will provide the learners with: ?. . . all possible conditions that simplify the performance of the task? (p 76). Mathemagenic This approach stresses the ?transfer of learning? (p 76). It allows students to experience a ?variability of practice? as well as a ?random sequencing of learning tasks? (p 77). Also, when using this instructional design approach, common testing methods which have ?test items that correspond to objectives? (p 76) are not important. The Question Considering the definitions discussed above, application question #2 from Chapter 8 asks: ?Identify a complex learning task. Briefly describe how you might use the whole-task approach, scaffolding, and mathemagenic methods to help students learn to perform that task? (p 80). The Complex Task Making Geometry come alive for students is not a problem when they are engaged in my Geometric Cities project. Over a period of six weeks, students worked collaboratively to design, build, decorate, and describe their cities. Created to represent different geometric shapes, the colorful and textured buildings were sited on a plywood base. The buildings were made from geo foam boards or heavy duty cardboard boxes. During the six weeks, students created a blue print of the city and a blue print of their own individual buildings. After the buildings were constructed, a history of the city had to be written. This complex task definitely had many constituent skills that have transfer value to other academic areas and real-world careers. The Project The Geometric Cities project was designed to be a cross-curricular project, using math, science, English, art, and woodworking. Technology was introduced to create the blueprints and research, using AutoCAD and wireless laptops. Prior to beginning the actual project, the class learned about team building skills. They learned about how to work well in a group, including how to handle conflict, respect one another?s opinions, and focus on completing the task. The project was designed to be completed using a group of three students, who have specific roles to fulfill. These roles included leader, secretary, and designer. Depending on what task the class was focusing on, the roles changed weekly, which met the ?variability of practice? (p 77) feature of the mathemagenic approach. The groups were formed based on learning styles, mixing different styles together. It was important to include a visual learner along with the other two students in each group, since the final visual impression of the geometric city was important. To begin the project, the students viewed a video on polygons and how they are used in the real world. Students saw many examples of geometric shapes, such as the Louvre Museum?s new pyramid-shaped entrance and the Golden Gate Bridge. This video represented the knowledge base and the inspiration to approach the task. To determine whether they comprehended this knowledge, they had to design an actual building on paper. After verifying that students understood the nature of designing a building, they could begin constructing their individual buildings. These initial components aligned with scaffolding, since ?learners start their training with the simplest version of the whole task? (p 76). Students were required to find the formulas that related to determining the surface area of their buildings? shapes. Each building could contain more than one shape, necessitating more than one formula.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Human Cost of an Illiterate So essays

Human Cost of an Illiterate So essays The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society I agree slightly with Kozol, that widespread illiteracy may undermine democracy in the United States. Kozol says that illiteracy undermines democracy in the US since most illiterates do not vote. He claims that even when they do vote, illiterates are almost certain to vote not by ideology or political platform, but for whomever they can remember from a street sign or television ad. Kozol also claims that since 60 million people in the US are illiterate, about one third of the population at the time of his publication, that our own US government is neither of, nor for, nor by, the people, which is the very basis of American democracy (p. 207). Illiteracy works hard here to undermine our political democracy. There are many things that I think can be done to lessen the problems of illiteracy. We should push harder in primary schooling to be sure that everyone who attends is able to read. If someone is able to slip through there, then there should be other social programs that teach reading. A number of reading courses could be set up through community centers, non-profits, churches, etc. to help those who cant read get help. I think that anyone who knows that they cant read would obviously take whatever assistance they could get if they only knew it existed. Kozol describes many challenges that the average illiterate would have to face on an almost daily basis. I think that Kozol does a good job in describing how illiteracy can impact someones life so relentlessly, but at times I felt that Kozol might have been exaggerating exactly how much illiteracy would have caused problems. Kozol may have several motives for exaggerating. I think he was attempting to evoke sympathy by showing what the extremist illiterate must face. He shows what the most acute problems could be for an illiterate. He does this so that people may realize t ...

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Investment Analysis and Stock Valuation on REDBOX company Term Paper

Investment Analysis and Stock Valuation on REDBOX company - Term Paper Example They are situated across the United States at various grocery stores, supermarkets, discount stores, pharmacies, fast food restaurants such as McDonald’s etc. The company wants to bolster its way into the hearts and minds of movie and game renters. As mentioned previously, Redbox is a futurist and so the fast-growing firm, which brags around 33,000 kiosk nationwide, plans to proffer web or internet streaming by the end of 2011 and also feels that it can double the current number of rental outlets considering its bullish trend and prospective growth opportunities (Brad Tuttle, 2011). II. Stream of Expected Returns (Cash Flows) a. Form of returns: Due to non-availability of Redbox’s financial statements, its parent company, Coinstar Inc.’s financial data is being considered. Examining the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009 and 2010, the cash flows from operating activities reduced by 35.42% to $123.89 million in 2009 and escalated by a massive 154.76% mainly due t o increase in liabilities. The cash flows from investing activities were negative in all three years analyzed; however, there was an increase of $37.13 million and $5.02 million in 2009 and 2010. Due to heavy repayment of borrowings and purchase of stock in 2010, the financing activities came about again as a negative figure (-$122.046 million) after a meager one in 2008 (-$602,000). b. Time pattern and growth rate of returns: As mentioned in the previous part, a yearly time pattern has been considered. The growth rate of return is known as the Sustainable Growth Rate and is computed as follows: g = RR (Retention Ratio) * ROE (Return on Equity). As there are no dividend streams being paid by the company, RR will be equal to 100% and as ROE = 22.47% (according to Yahoo Finance, Coinstar Inc.... Form of returns: Due to non-availability of Redbox’s financial statements, its parent company, Coinstar Inc.’s financial data is being considered. Examining the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009 and 2010, the cash flows from operating activities reduced by 35.42% to $123.89 million in 2009 and escalated by a massive 154.76% mainly due to increase in liabilities. The cash flows from investing activities were negative in all three years analyzed; however, there was an increase of $37.13 million and $5.02 million in 2009 and 2010. Due to heavy repayment of borrowings and purchase of stock in 2010, the financing activities came about again as a negative figure (-$122.046 million) after a meager one in 2008 (-$602,000).b. Time pattern and growth rate of returns: As mentioned in the previous part, a yearly time pattern has been considered. The growth rate of return is known as the Sustainable Growth Rate and is computed as follows: g = RR (Retention Ratio) * ROE (Return on Equity). As there are no dividend streams being paid by the company, RR will be equal to 100% and as ROE = 22.47% (according to Yahoo Finance, Coinstar Inc. Key Financials as of December 31, 2010), the growth rate will also come about to be 22.47%.III. Investment Decision Process: A comparison of Estimated Values and Market PricesTo consider investment decisions in a particular stock, its estimated or fair value and market price comparison should be carried out. This will tell investors whether the stock is undervalued or overvalued.